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Alcohol Liver Disease (ALD)

Alcohol Liver Disease (ALD) | JSS Hospital Blog

Alcohol Liver Disease (ALD) encompasses a range of liver conditions caused by excessive alcohol consumption. Conditions include fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, fibrosis, and cirrhosis.


  • Excessive and prolonged alcohol consumption is the primary cause.
  • Genetics, diet, and overall health can also influence susceptibility.


  • Early stages may be asymptomatic.
  • Symptoms can include fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and swelling in the legs and abdomen.


  • Blood tests-LFT, CBC, PT INR, imaging scans (like ultrasound or MRI), Fibroscan and liver biopsy are common diagnostic tools.


  • The most effective treatment is to stop drinking alcohol.
  • Medications may help manage symptoms and complications.
  • In severe cases, liver transplantation may be necessary.


  • Stop alcohol consumption
  • Recognize and address alcohol use disorder early.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and regular exercise.

Awareness and Support:

  • Spread awareness in communities, schools, and workplaces about the risks of excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Support individuals struggling with alcohol addiction by providing access to resources such as counseling, support groups, and treatment programs.

Importance of Early Intervention:

  • Early detection and intervention can prevent progression to advanced stages of liver disease.
  • Encourage regular health check-ups and screenings, especially for individuals with a history of heavy alcohol use.

Stigma Reduction:

  • Combat stigma associated with alcohol addiction and liver disease to encourage individuals to seek help without fear of judgment

Dr Deepak Suvarna
HOD, Professor,
Dept of Medical Gastroenterology
JSS Hospital, Mysuru